Biography, Birth Anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai

“Punjab Kesari” Lala Lajpat Rai biography, life introduction birth anniversary, religion, wife, caste, death, death anniversary, caste (Lala lajpat rai biography and Jivani in hindi, Birth Place, Cast, religion, death, famous slogan, essay in hindi

Lala Lajpat Rai was a very big and intense face of the Indian independence movement. And he was also known as Punjab Kesari, because he was born in Ludhiana which is located in Punjab. He associated himself with the Punjab National Bank and also with the Lakshmi insurance company. But when the protest against the Simon Commission was going on peacefully and without any violence, during the same movement, lathicharge was done by the British government to disperse the whole crowd. So Lala Lajpat Rai was hurt a lot in that.

It was not possible to heal those injuries due to which he died. Lala Lajpat Rai’s life was very adventurous. He also made many sacrifices for India in his life. That is why in today’s article we will tell you who Lala Lajpat Rai was, and in this context we will tell you the complete biography of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Early life of true patriot Lala ji

Lala Lajpat Rai was born on 28 January 1865 in Punjab. And he was born in an Agarwal family. His father’s name was Munshi Radha Krishna Agarwal and his mother’s name was Gulabi Devi. His father was a teacher of Urdu and Persian Government School.

He was originally born in Dudhike which is located in Ludhiana, Punjab. He spent almost all his youth in Jagraon and there he also built a school named R.K. Of. It was high school.

Education of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai studied law at the Government College of Lahore in 1880, where he met some patriots and future freedom fighters. In which Lala Hansraj and Pandit Guru Dutt are also included. And when he was studying his law, he was greatly influenced by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. And he joined the Arya Samaj, which was based in Lahore, as a member there.

Brief introduction of Lala Lajpat Rai

Full Name Lala Lajpat Radhakrishna Rai
famous name Punjab Kesari
Birth (Date of Birth) 28 January 1865
Place of Birth Punjab
Father Name Munshi Radha Krishna Azad
Mother Name Mrs. Gulab Devi
Reason of Death injured in lathicharge
Education Government College, Lahore (Stank)
Death 17 November 1928, Lahore
age 63 years
profession Lawyer, Politician, Freedom Fighter
Religion Hindu
marital status Marriage
Wife’s name Radha Devi

History of political struggle of Lala Lajpat Rai

In 1884, Lala Lajpat Rai’s father was transferred to Rohtak. And Lala Lajpat Rai also came to Hisar in Haryana along with his father. And he started practicing his law studies there. Later Lala Lajpat Rai also became one of the founding members of the Bar Council of Hissar. And even after this, he went back to Lahore in 1892 and went there and started practicing law studies in the Lahore High Court, so that by going there he could give a practical form to the policy of getting independence through India. He also worked as a journalist for “The Tribune” newspaper.

He joined the Indian National Congress in 1888 and in 1920 he was also made the President of the Calcutta region of the Indian National Congress.

Lala Lajpat Rai also met Bipin Chandra Pal, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1906, and since then a triumvirate of these three was formed which promoted the Swadeshi movement and the triumvirate of these three was called Lal-Bal-Pal. Lala Lajpat Rai – Bal Gangadhar Tilak – Bipin Chandra Pal).

Lala Lajpat Rai ji said that the Hindu society will have to return to the Vedas. And they will also have to fight against the caste system in their own society like moss, and they should give full space to women. And untouchability should also be completely destroyed. Vedas are very important for Hindu society, but people of all castes should have the freedom to read them.

Lala Lajpat Rai said that there should be no person who is not allowed to read Vedas, and everyone in Hindu society should be allowed to read Vedas and chant mantras.

Lala Lajpat Rai traveled to America in 1917 and returned during the First World War. In America, he socialized with the people of Sikh society and also visited Tuskegee University located in Alabama.

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Opposition to Simon Commission

England i.e. the United Kingdom had established the Simon Commission in 1928, which was being headed by Sir John Simon. This Simon Commission was formed keeping in view the Indian Political Situation. And its aim was to reform the constitution of India.

The biggest mistake in this was that not a single Indian was included in this commission formed for the constitution of India. Because of which the Simon Commission had to face opposition from all over India. On December 30, 1928, when the head of the Simon Commission, Sir John Simon, was on a visit to Lahore, Lajpat Rai took out a non-violent march against John Simon and he also gave the slogan “Simon Go Back”. They showed black flags to John Simon.

And because of this work of Lala Lajpat Rai, the then Superintendent of Police of Lahore, James Scott got lathi-charged on the entire crowd of Puri. In which many protestors became casualties and Lala Lajpat Rai also became casualties with many injuries. And he later addressed the entire crowd of Puri saying, “Every attack on me will be the last nail in the coffin of the British Empire”.

Lala Lajpat Rai passed away

Lala Lajpat Rai could not fully recover from the lathi charge by James Scott and died on 17 November 1928. But the biggest aspect in this was that the doctors felt that Lala Lajpat Rai died due to the lathis killed by James Scott. And this issue was also raised in the British Parliament. And the British Parliament absolutely refused to have a hand in the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

But on the other hand the members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association saw all this happening in front of their eyes and took an oath to avenge them.

Bhagat Singh, who was the biggest face of the Indian independence movement, wanted to send a message to the British Government by killing James Scott. But all this did not happen according to the strategy.

Shivram Rajguru, Sukhdev Tha Par, and Chandrashekhar Azad conspired to kill James Scott. But Bhagat Singh shot Assistant Superintendent of Police John P. Saunder instead of James Scott who was the Superintendent of Police due to misunderstanding. John P. Saunder was shot by Bhagat Singh and Rajguru who were coming out of the Lahore Police Head Quarters. When he was running away from the shoot, Head Constable Chanan Singh was injured in the cover fire of Chandrashekhar Azad.

last word

In today’s article, we learned who Lala Lajpat Rai was. Where and when was he born? What was his contribution to the Indian independence movement? We got complete information about his biography. We hope that you have got all the information about Lala Lajpat Rai Biography.


By what names is Lala Lajpat Rai famous?

Lala ji was mainly known as Punjab Kesari and Lal-Bal-Pal. Among them Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Vipin Chandra Pal were three prominent freedom fighters.

When Lala Lajpat Rai was lathicharged?

On 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai was leading a peaceful rally. In which he was opposing the Simon Commission. In this procession, he was badly injured in lathicharge by the British.

When did Lala Lajpat Rai become the President of the Congress?

In 1920, he took over the post of Congress President.

Which caste and community did Lala Lajpat Rai belong to?

Agarwal and Baniya caste

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