Biography of Savitribai Phule, struggle and contribution for women empowerment and educating women
Come on, who was it? India Of first female teacher Savitribai Phule who dedicated her whole life to give rights to Dalit women. She did many works in the field of women empowerment and education. In the society of the 19th century, many orthodox customs and practices prevailed. Savitribai strongly opposed all these. She stood firm for the rights of women, struggled but did not give up.
Savitribai Phule was one of the greatest personalities of India. Along with her husband, she fought for the rights of women in Maharashtra and across India. She was mainly considered the center of India’s Feminist Movement. Savitribai Phule was a very versatile woman. And there are many other things about him that we should know.
That’s why in today’s article, we will tell you many such things about Savitribai Phule and about her life, knowing which your respect for Savitribai Phule will increase even more.
Brief introduction of teacher Savitribai Phule (Social Reformer Savitribai Phule Biography in hindi)
|Full Name||Savitribai Phule|
|famous name||India’s first female teacher and social worker|
|Father Name||Khandoji Naivese|
|Birth (Date of Birth)||03 January 1831|
|Birth Place||Naigaon, Satara, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|death||10 March 1897|
|marriage||in the year 1840|
|husband’s name||From Jyotirao Govindrao Phule|
|Purpose of life as a social worker||emancipation of women and eradication of untouchability
empowerment of women
marriage of widows
to give equal rights to women
Educating women from weaker sections
Life introduction of female teacher Savitribai Phule (Social Reformer Savitribai Phule Biography hindi)
Early life of Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Phule was born on 3 January 1831 took place in the Satara district of Nayegaon, which is located in present-day Maharashtra. Savitri Bai’s birth place was 5 kms away from Srivil which is located 50 kms away from Pune.
Savitribai Phule was the eldest daughter of her parents Lakshmi Nevase Patil and Khandoji Nevase Patil. Both of them belong to the Mali community. Savitribai Phule was married to Jyotirao and had no children. For this, he adopted Yashwantrao, who was born in the house of a widowed Brahmin. However, there is no solid evidence about it that supports this. But when Yashwantrao was about to get married no parent was ready to give him their daughter as he was born in a widow’s house. And that’s why Savitribai got him married to Daynoba, a woman working in his organization.
Education of Savitribai Phule
When Savitribai Phule got married, she was completely illiterate. But Jyotirao educated him at home. When Jyotirao used to go to work, he used to teach his wife Savitribai and his sister Sagunabai Srisagar in between.
When Jyotirao had given him primary education, with the help of Jyotirao’s friends Sakharam Yashwant and Keshav Shivram, both of them were able to continue their education.
Along with this, Savitribai participated in 2 teacher training programs, the first of which was the American Missionary School which was in Ahmednagar, and the second was a simple school which was in Pune. And after receiving the training, Savitribai Phule became probably the first female teacher and headmistress of the whole of India.
Let’s go- Life introduction and life struggle of India’s first Muslim woman Fatima Shaikh
Life and career of Savitribai Phule
After receiving her teacher’s education, Savitribai Phule started providing education to children in Maharwada, which was in Pune. He did this work in collaboration with Sagunabai Kshirsagar, who was the sister of Jyotiba Phule. Which was a very famous feminist. He started studying with Sagunabai. But after a short time Savitribai and Jyotirao Phule along with Sagunabai started their own school in Vijayawada.
This school included traditional and western curriculum of Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, By 1851 Savitribai Jyotirao Phule had established three separate schools for girls only within Pune. Altogether more than 150 girl students were enrolled in all the three schools. In the context of this, writer Divya Kundukuri believes that the education being imparted in those three schools was much better as compared to government schools and missionary schools.
Resistance faced by Savitribai and Jyotirao
In due course of time a whole range of local conservative views came to oppose the work done by Savitribai Phule and her husband Jyotirao Phule. Because of which Jyotirao, who was living in his father’s house, was asked by his father to leave the house. Because it is said and heard that the works being done by them were considered sinful according to Manusmriti and some Brahmin texts like that.
Later, Jyotirao started living with his friend Usman Shaikh in his family, where he met Fatima Begum Shaikh. Queen Fatima Shaikh At that time she was the only Muslim woman teacher in the whole of India.
आइये जाने- भीकाजी कामा का जीवन परिचय एवं इतिहास
Jyotirao Phule gave a summary of Savitribai Phule and her work during an interview in 1853 in a Christian missionary magazine named Gyanodaya, he said that,
“I am very proud of my mother, because only a mother can improve her children and when a child improves because of a mother, then that improvement is very important and good. But if we are concerned about its improvement and welfare, then we should also pay attention to the condition of such women. Every possible effort must be made to impart knowledge. That is why I first started a school for girls.
But in the society I come from, female education is not mainly given, so some of my brothers and neighbors did not like that I teach girls. And that’s why my own father threw me out of the house. No one was willing to give place to the school, nor did we have that much money, people were not even sending their children to school. But still together with us K Lahuji Ragh Raut and Ranba Mahar told the brothers of their surrounding castes about the benefits of being educated and convinced them to get education.”
Poet Savitribai Phule
Jyoti Bai Phule opened about eighteen schools in her entire life. Along with this, he also opened a center called Child Murder Prevention Home for pregnant rape victims and helped in giving birth and saving children.
Savitribai Phule was a writer and she was also a poet in general. They “Bawan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar” And “Kavya Phule” was published in 1854. And he also wrote a poem called “Go, Get Education” in 1892, which was encouraging people to get education.
Death of Savitri Bai
Savitribai Phule and her son Jaswant opened a clinic in Nalasopara for the treatment of plague, an epidemic that occurred in 1897. He had set up this clinic on the outskirts of Pune, so that the entire area would come under infection-free zone. But Savitribai died to save the son of Pandurang Baba Ji Gaikwad.
When it became known to everyone that Gaikwad’s son had made contact with people who had been exposed to plague in the outlying colony, Savitribai Phule ran to the child and rushed him to the hospital. Savitribai tried to save Pandurang Baba Ji Gaekwad’s son by making him sit on her shoulder. But Savitribai Phule was caught by the plague and tried to save the son of Pandurang Baba Ji Gaikwad on March 8, but Savitribai Phule was caught by the plague and Savitribai Phule died on March 10, 1897.
So in today’s article (Savitribai Phule Biography hindi) we have come to know who was Savitri Bai Phule and what difficulties she faced in her life and raised her voice for women’s rights. We hope that you have come to know about the personality of Savitribai Phule. If you liked this article of today, then share this information of Savitribai Phule as far as possible.
Read these also –